One of the main concerns with large-scale cross-licensing agreements is that they create an almost impenetrable barrier to intellectual property rights for newcomers to the sector. The cost of licensing multi-licensing IP can be prohibitive for most start-ups. Antitrust authorities are particularly cautious about cross-licensing portfolios, with provisions that could facilitate competitively disruptive agreements, such as pricing or market sharing. Cross Licensing refers to the cross-licensing agreement between patent holders to avoid conflicting patent litigation. It helps preserve the financial incentives of inventors to commercialize their existing innovations and to carry out new research that can be patented. On Monday, Samsung also agreed to pay Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson about $650 million and future undisclosed royalties to settle a separate patent dispute. Ericsson had sued Samsung in 2012 for patent infringement allegations, which led Samsung to take a counter-action. Monday`s agreement resolves these legal issues and will allow Samsung to grant patents related to Ericsson`s mobile infrastructure and mobile touchscreens. Some examples of cross-licensing of intellectual property are some recognizable companies: what is a cross-licensing agreement? How do large software companies use such agreements? Do you think their use is fair to small software development companies? Why not? The aim of a patent reserve is to make patent licenses easily accessible and thus create incentives for innovation. What distinguishes patent pools from multilateral cross-licensing contracts, it is that, in the first scenario, a third party who cannot contribute to innovation can still enjoy the benefits of the pool by being only a member, but in a subsequent case, only the contracting party can benefit since under patent law, a cross-licensing agreement is an agreement whereby two or more parties mutually grant each other a licence to operate the claimed object.  As a general rule, this type of agreement takes place between two parties in order to avoid litigation or to settle infringement proceedings.  Very often, the patents held by each party cover different essential aspects of a given commercial product. By granting a cross-licensed, each party retains its freedom to market the product.
The term “cross-licensing” implies that neither party pays a silver licence to the other party, which may be the case.  www.nytimes.com/2014/01/28/technology/google-and-samsung-sign-broad-cross-licensing-agreement.html?_r=3 A cross-licensing agreement is a binding contract between several parties, each party having rights to a product, technology, research or other matter. These types of agreements are beneficial in the area of intellectual property. Cross-licensing agreements are generally concluded between companies holding patents on different facets of the same product. They will enter into an agreement excluding each of them due to infringement litigation For these reasons, it is generally considered unwise for a company to include its critical and critical technology patents in cross-licensing contracts. It is also possible to introduce clauses limiting direct competition between the two cross-licensing partners. For example, in the Microsoft-Apple agreement mentioned above, there are anti-cloning provisions to protect against literal copying of products. “By cooperating with such agreements, companies can reduce litigation potential and instead focus on innovation,” Allen Lo, Google`s assistant general counsel for patents, said in a press release. The patent agreement ends just before a 10-year agreement by Samsung to use Android, but also suggests that speculation about possible disagreements between the two companies may have been exaggerated, analysts said.